Merlin Kodir, David Erling Kaunang
Objective : Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD) is a neglected disease of poverty that is the most common pediatric cardiovascular condition in developing countries. The objective of this study was to know socio-economic and enviroment risk factors in rheumatic heart disease. Method : Descriptive, cross-sectional study during December 2013 through December 2018 at Prof. R. D. Kandou general hospital including 70 children with aged between 5-15 years old with rheumatic heart disease. The risk factors included nutritional status (good nutrition, insufficient nutrition, and poor nutrition), parent’s salary (lower than 4 million rupiah and upper than 4 million rupiah), number of people per house (?4 people and >4 people). Result : There were 70 patients took part in study. The subject of rheumatic heart disease patients were 40 boys (57.2%) versus 30 girls (42.8%). In rheumatic heart disease group there were 30% with good nutrition, 65% with insufficient nutrition, 5% with poor nutrition, parent’s salary lower than 4 miliion rupiah was 62 % versus 38% with upper than 4 million rupiah, number of people per house ?4 was 52% versus 48% with number of people per house >4. Conclusion : The socio-economic and environmental conditions reported could contribute to high group A Streptococcus transmission and susceptibility to infection, thus increasing RHD. A rigorous investigation, such as a case control study, is needed to explore risk factors further.