Lisa Puspita, Imanuel Yulius Malino
Objective : HIV prevalence in adolescents is rarely studied. Method : Descriptive quantitative research design, with a case study method. The population was taken from secondary data on HIV patients in Dian Harapan hospital ages 15 to 19 from 2003 to February 2019. The sampling technique was purposive sampling. The collected data is presented descriptively. Results : Seventy five adolescent respondents with HIV ages 15 to 19 from 1741 cases of HIV/AIDS (4.3%), 20 respondents who fulfill the inclusion criteria were heterosexuals and received cotrimoxazole prevention treatment. The most HIV-infected adolescents are 18 years old (8/20) and most are female (19/20). HIV adolescents have the latest education in elementary (4/20), junior high school (6/20), and senior high school (10/20). The amount of adolescents who are and are not married have the same number. The majority of HIV adolescents have normal anthropometric indicators of body weight according to age (14/20). Opportunistic infections in HIV adolescents were diarrhea cryptosporidia (5/20), oral candidiasis (4/20), diarrhea cryptosporidia and oral candidiasis (3/20), pulmonary tuberculosis (3/20), pneumocystitis pneumonia (2/10), pneumocystitis pneumonia and pulmonary tuberculosis (2/20), and cryptosporidia diarrhea, pulmonary tuberculosis, and oral candidiasis (1/20). Adolescents with HIV initiate Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) mostly at WHO clinical stage 3 (18/20). Adolescents with HIV undergoing ART treatment (15/20), died before therapy (2/20), and failed to follow up (3/20). Conclusion : Most adolescents with HIV in Dian Harapan Hospital are 18 years old, female with the latest education in senior high school and heterosexuals. The most opportunistic infections in HIV adolescents are cryptosporidia diarrhea. HIV adolescents initiate ART at the WHO clinical stage 3. Further research on HIV adolescents is very necessary.