Abstract Ref Number = APCP1211
CORRELATION GENDER, AGE AND A HISTORY OF LOW BIRTH WEIGHT WITH ACUTE RESPIRATORY INFECTION IN CHILDREN AGED ONE TO FIVE YEARS OLD
Azri Iskandar,Suganda Tanuwidjaja,lelly yuniarti
General Practitioners at General Hospital Nurhayati Garut and Doctor From Bandung Islamic University Medical School Pediatrician and Professor of child health science at Bandung Islamic University Medical School Teacher at Bandung Islamic University Medical School
Background : Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) remained a major cause of mortality in communicable diseases, causing four million deaths worldwide. About five percent of children under five years old suffered from ARI in Indonesia. Host factors that can lead to a high incidence of ARI including male gender, under five years old of age and a history of low birth weight (LBW), but the correlation between these factors is rarely studied.
Material : This study used an analytical study with a cross-sectional study design. The independent variable correlating with the dependent variable in the statistical analysis of chi square test. The data is taken from a questionnaire that were asked to the parent of patients aged one to five years old. This study was conducted in the General Hospital Nurhayati Garut 1st April to 14th June 2014 period. In this study, other risk factors for ARI excluded such as incompletely immunized, non exclusive breastfeeding, malnutrition, and ARI with other diseases, perceived as confounding factors and obtained 239 samples.
Results : These results showed that 58,33% male children suffered from ARI, showed p value of 0,002 and male are more at risk for ARI 1,839 times compared to female. Based on the age, 57,33% children aged one to three years old suffered from ARI, showed p value of 0,003 and children aged one to three years are more at risk for ARI 1,77 times compared to children aged three to five years. Based on birth weight, 47,14% children had normal birth weight suffered from ARI and showed p value of 0,910.
Conclusions : There is a significant correlation between sex and age with the incidence of ARI and there is no significant correlation between a history of LBW with ARI incidence in children aged one to five years.
Keywords: gender age LBW ARI