Abstract Ref Number = APCP905
Factors associated with Anaemia amongst under-five children hospitalized at Ende General Hospital Flores, East Nusa Tenggara
Irfan Agus Salim Sp A,Ardanta Topik Tarigan,Elca Leonard,Peny Ruth Jessica Damanik
PT Nestle Indonesia Ende General Hospital, Flores East Nusa Tenggara
Background : Anaemia is a major public health problem in developing countries. About 43 % of under-fives are anemic worldwide, and two-thirds reside in sub-Saharan Africa. Iron deficiency is the most prevalent and widespread nutrition-related health problem among infants/children because their rapid growth increase iron needs This study aimed to determine factors associated with anemia in under-five children admitted at Ende general Hospital, Flores East Nusa Tenggara
Material : This was a hospital-based, cross-sectional study conducted between March and May 2018. Selected laboratory investigations were done on children admitted to Ende General hospital. Anaemia was defined using WHO criteria which age under 5 years and above six month. Chi- square t and logistic regression test was used to assess the effect of sex, nutritional status, age and caretaker to anaemia.
Results : A total of 110 children recruited into the study. The prevalence of anemia was 40% (44/110) with 35 hypocromic microcytic and 14 normocromic normocytic anemia. The caracteristic of patients were sex: 60% (66/110) male, 40% (44/110) female, caretaker: housewife 73% (80/110), civil servants 10% (11/110), private employment 6% (7/110) and peasant 11% (12/110). Asessmen for nutritional status were 26% (29/110) well nourished, 34% (36/110) mild malnourished, 11%( 12/110) moderate malnourished, 29% (32/110) severe malnourished. There are 63% (69/110) < 2 years and 37% (41/110) > 2 years age. Factors asociated with anaemia were mild malnourished [ OR; 95% CI= 5,3; (1,54-18,5); p-value=0,08], severe malnourished [3,93; (1,1-13,8);0,03], age < 2 years [3,6; (1,3-9,9);0,01] and peasant caretaker [5,1;(1,1-2,20);0,04].
Conclusions : factors associated with anaemia were peasant among caretaker, mild and severe nutritional status and age under two years
Keywords: anaemia nutritional status caretaker