Hartono Gunardi, Andini, Fatimah Saidah, Soedjatmiko, Rini Sekartini, Bernie E Medise, Angga Wirahmadi, Elizabeth Melina
OBJECTIVE: Complete immunization is one of the most cost-effective strategies to decrease child morbidity and mortality rate, especially for vaccine-preventable diseases. Identifying contributing socioeconomic factors to immunization status may provide better understanding in making effective strategy and policy to reduce the number of incomplete immunizations among children. This study aimed to determine socioeconomic factors influencing immunization status in under-five children in Tanah Tinggi, Johar Baru, Central Jakarta. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted from October to November 2018 in Tanah Tinggi, Johar Baru, Central Jakarta. Children aged 0-60 months were included in this study. Socioeconomic data and immunization status were obtained using questionnaire. Statistical analysis was done using Chi-square and Fisher test as appropriate for bivariate analysis and logistic regression method. RESULT: A total of 237 subjects were recruited in this study. Prevalence of complete immunization status was 84.8%. Most cases of incomplete immunization were found in 12-23 months old age group. Significant socioeconomic determinants for complete immunization status were age group (p 0.002), 1-2 children in a family (OR 2.85; 95%CI 1.29 to 6.33; p 0.010), and high mother’s education (OR 2.72; 95%CI 1.24 to 5.96; p 0.013). CONCLUSION: Socioeconomic determinants for complete immunization status in under-five children were age group, total number of children in family, and mother’s education. Modifying these factors would probably be an effective strategy to decrease the number of incomplete immunizations.