Chelsea Vanessa, Elbert Aldrin Harijanto, Patricia Renata
Objective: Obesity in children is a global challenge in 21st century because it often proceeds into adulthood and becomes a potential risk factor for various chronic diseases. This study aims to determine factors contributing to the occurrence of overweight and obesity in children aged 60 – 72 months old in Pelita II preschool. Method: A cross sectional study was conducted among 47 children aged 60 – 72 months in pelita ii preschool in December 2018. Subjects were collected using total sampling method. Respondents filled out the food recall 24h form and questionnaires. The weight and height of subjects were collected from the school medical record and the data was plotted into CDC 2000 growth curve: stature-for-age and weight-for-age percentiles. Then, statistical univariate and bivariate analysis (fisher”s test) was conducted using spss 16.0. Result: From the total of 47 children, 25 (53.2%) were boys and 22 (46.8%) were girls. A total of 18 children, comprising of 14 boys (77.8%) and 4 girls (22.2%), were overweight and obese. From 6 children who had inadequate sleep, 5 (83.3%) were overweight and obese. From 19 children, who had more calories intake than recommended, 12 children (63.8%) are overweight and obese. Out of 8 independent variables included in this study, 3 variables had significant relation with the dependent variable, among which were gender (p=0.015), calories intake (p=0.009), and adequacy of sleep (p=0.041). The other variables, such as physical activity (p=0.549), father’s BMI (p=0.452), mother’s BMI (p=0.255), family history of obesity (p=1.000), and socioeconomic class (p=0.420), had no significant relation with the occurrence of overweight and obesity in children aged 60 – 72 months old. Conclusion: It is concluded that gender, calories intake, and the adequacy of sleep are factors contributing to the occurrence of overweight and obesity in children aged 60 – 72 months in Pelita II preschool.