Abstract Ref Number = APCP1173
COMPARATION BETWEEN BABY LED WEANING AND TRADITIONAL SPOON FEEDING ON IRON STATUS AND GROWTH IN BREASTFED INFANTS
Meta Herdiana Hanindita,Nur Aisiyah Widjaja,Siti Nurul Hidayati,Roedi Irawan,Boerhan Hidayat
Department of Child Health Medical Faculty Airlangga University Dr Soetomo Hospital Surabaya Indonesia Department of Child Health Medical Faculty, Airlangga University, Dr Soetomo Hospital Surabaya, Indonesia
Background : The current guideline of World Health Organization recommends that infants are initially offered smoothly pureed foods, with subsequent introduction of semisolid and finger foods. This is known as the traditional method of spoon feeding. Over the last 10 years, an alternative method known as ‘baby-led weaning’ (BLW) has been really popular in Indonesia. With BLW, infants are allowed to self-feed family foods in their whole form instead special-prepared foods. Weaning period is a peak period for faltering in child’s growth and iron deficiencies. Infants following BLW may be at increased risk of growth faltering, based on the assumption that not all infants will have the motor skills to feed themselves the amount of food they require, and that many of the first foods offered will be low in energy and iron. The aim of this study is to compare traditional and BLW methods in the risk of iron deficiency anemia and growth faltering of breastfed infants.
Material : A cross-sectional study was undertaken in 9 – 15 months breastfed infants admitted to Bedah Hospital Surabaya from August – October 2017. Exclusion criteria were infants suffering from chronic conditions such as cerebral palsy, congenital deformities and chromosomal disorders. Infants with urinary tract infection, hypothyroid, and tuberculosis were also excluded. Biochemical assessment of Haemoglobin (Hb), Serum Transferrin (ST) and Serum Ferritin (SF) was measured, as well anthropometry of body weight and body length. Diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia was made based on WHO criteria. Growth anthropometry was interpreted based on WHO criteria. Data were analyzed by Chi-square.
Results : Out of all infants, 12/30 were boys and 15/30 were following BLW. Mean age of the infants in this study was 12.6±2.14 months old. Mean Hb level, ST level and SF in BLW group was 10.9±0.55 g/dl, 11.6±7.13%, 19.1±18.40ug/dl prospectively, while in the traditional group were 12.5±0.75 g/dl, 24.6±7.92%, 57.6±18.78 ug/dl prospectively. Iron deficiency anemia was higher in infants who were following BLW group than in the traditional group. (13/15 vs 3/15, OR 26.000 95%CI 3.686-183.418, p <0.001). Underweight was higher in infants who were following BLW then in the traditional group. (13/15 vs 3/15, OR 26.000 95%CI 3.686-183.418, p <0.001). Stunted were higher in infants who were following BLW (2/15 vs none, OR 1.667 95%CI 1.103-2.519. p=0.017) than in the traditional group.
Conclusions : In breastfed infants, those who were following BLW are in higher risk of iron deficiency anemia, underweight and stunted than those who were fed traditionally.
Keywords: Baby led weaning Solid food Stunting Iron deficiency anemia