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Volume 2, Apr - Jun 2019
Effect of Kangaroo Mother Care on neonatal health outcomes in rural Pakistan, A Randomized Controlled Trial
Muhammad Atif Habib1, 2, Kirsten I Black1, Shabina Ariff 2, Sajid Bashir Soofi2, Mushtaq Mirani2, Fariha Shaheen2, Amjad Hussain2, Zulfiqar A Bhutta2, Camille Raynes-Greenow3
Neonatal infections contribute significantly to neonatal mortality especially in developing countries. Delivering simple evidence based interventions has the potential to reduce the burden of neonatal infections and consecutively of neonatal mortality....
Assessment of Academic Performance of Licensed Athletes
Zehra Aycan1, Sinem Akgül2, Selçuk Gençay3, Nuray Kanbur4, Orhan Derman5
Physical activity and sports can be used to reduce stress and anxiety by increasing aerobic capacity and muscle endurance, gain positive behavioral changes and improve their self-discipline, use time well, adopt positive lifestyle such as regular eating and sleeping, which will result in an increase...
Height at three years of Highly active antiretroviral has a strong correlation with height at diagnosis in children with HIV infection
Ketut Dewi Kumara Wati1,2, Putu Diah Vedaswari2, Ida Bagus Ramajaya Sutawan2, I Wayan Eka Satriawibawa2, Meita Dhamayanti1,3, Budi Setiabudiawan1,3, Ida Parwati1,4
This study highlighted the persistence of growth faltering in children with HIV infection despite the commencement of highly active anti retro viral therapy. Over three years observation, we found that the height was remained in strong correlation with height at diagnosis where slow growth normally ...
Kartagener’s Syndrome – a triad or tetrad?
AKSHAY MEHTA1, LAKSHAY MEHTA1, JYOTI GUPTA2, BHAWNA MALIK3
Kartagener’s Syndrome – a triad or tetrad? Kartagener’s syndrome is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by triad of situs inversus, bronchiectasis and sinusitis. This anarchy affects the activity of ciliary cytoskeletal proteins important for the movement of cilia, thus causing mul...
Volume 2, Jan - Mar 2019
The effect of alternate-day corticosteroids on linear growth in childhood nephrotic syndrome
R.S. Thalgahagoda1, A.H.H.M. Jayaweera1, Y.A. Illangasekera2, A.S. Abeyagunawardena1
This study explains the negative effects of alternate-day corticosteroids on linear growth in a stable population of patients with steroid dependent nephrotic syndrome (SDNS) in Sri Lanka. The difference in median height velocities was pronounced between test and control groups, which was even evide...
APPA Program Focus: Answer to The Region’s Unique Challenges
Aman B Pulungan1
For the past 30 years, The Asia Pacific Pediatric Association (APPA) thrived to increase children’s health and welfare through regional collaboration. Health inequalities occur among and within regions of Asia Pacific; steps must be taken to minimize it by acknowledging the social determinants of ...
The Role of Pediatricians in Achieving Global Goals for Children
Errol Alden1
Children are the future, but pediatricians, who have devoted their lives to helping children survive and thrive, cannot alone guarantee children’s futures. The purpose of this paper is to inform all pediatricians of the current global efforts to improving the lives of children. It is our respon...
Achieving Best Medical Practice in ASEAN Economic Community Era
Aryono Hendarto1
The ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) Era is set to be legally formed in 2020 to prepare the ASEAN region in the era of economic and trade globalizations. The ASEAN Mutual Recognition Arrangements (MRAs) expanded into the medical field, allowing healthcare workers to practice in foreign countries....
Clinical Profile and IV Bisphosphonate Therapy in Children with Osteogenesis Imperfecta in Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital
Aman B Pulungan1, Jose RL Batubara1, Bambang Tridjaja1, Frida Soesanti1, Ghaisani Fadiana1, Sirma I Mada2, Diadra Annisa2
Introduction: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a rare genetic disease affecting type I collagen in bone and skin. There is currently no cure for OI; however, studies showed that bisphosphonate administration confers some benefits. We aimed to know the characteristics of OI patients and the correlatio...
Volume 1, Oct-Dec 2018
Journey from Cell count to Metabolomics in the diagnosis of Neonatal Sepsis
Khalid N Haque
Neonatal sepsis remains a global challenge due to its high mortality and morbidity. One of the reasons for the high loss of neonatal life is the lack of early objective diagnostic biomarkers. The commonly routine tests used currently lack diagnostic certainty. However, emerging technologies like pro...
The effect of leuprolide acetate treatment on luteinizing hormone suppression in children with central precocious puberty: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Aman B Pulungan1, Ratna Dewi Artati2, Kuntjoro Harimurti3
Central precocious puberty (CPP) is a characteristic development of sexual puberty as a consequence of premature activity of hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis (HPG axis) before eight years old for girls or nine years old for boys. Several studies have showed different results in Leuprolide Acetate...
Comparison of Dietary Sources of Iron, Nutritional Status and Family Factors Between Anemic and Non-anemic Children in Sorong, West Papua Province, Indonesia
Bagus W. Arundito1, Agus Senolinggi1, Endy P. Prawirohartono2,
Prevalence of anemia among 6-59 month of age children was 65%. Non anemic children consumed more liver, egg and tempeh. Related socioeconomic factors were antenatal care, iron supplementation of mother during pregnancy, family income, and stunting....
A Novel Three Way Translocation in a Child with t(8:21) Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML-M2) Involving 6q27 with Loss of Y chromosome
Mohammed Ramzan1, Mohammed Lukman3, Monica Singh3, Satyendra Katewa1
The typical t(8;21) (q22;q22) abnormality is associated with acute myeloid leukemia with maturation (AML-M2 based on the French-American-British classification). This protein regulates proliferation, the differentiation, and the viability of leukemic cells. Method: We report a case of 9-year-old boy...
Volume 1, July-Sept 2018
What can Pediatricians do to address child health in South and Southeast Asia?
Zulfiqar A Bhutta
Despite the remarkable reduction in under 5 child mortality globally in the wake of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), a little under 6 million children still perish every year before reaching their fifth birthday. A large proportion, almost 46% die within the neonatal period (the first 28 day...
Awareness about Sickle Cell Anaemia in young adults in Amravati
Naresh B. Tayade1, Manjusha N. Tayade2
Sickle cell disease continues to be a global health problem that presents major challenges to our health care systems. The reviewed Sickle Cell Disease(SCD) literature expresses a dire need for more public education and awareness on SCD Misconceptions of sickle cell disease have significantly contri...
Fluid Management in Patients with Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever
H.M.T.W.Seneviratne1, G.D.I.Kumara2, K.Ravirajah3, K.M.K.Somaratne4, D. Mendis3
Iatrogenic fluid overload in Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is well recognized. To address this, restriction of total fluid volume in the critical phase (TFV) to maintenance plus 5% of the body weight (M+5%) was adopted in Sri Lanka in 2010. The purpose of this study was to assess the TFV and how ...
Antibiotic Prescribing Practice for Paediatric Outpatients across Non-specialised Regional Hospitals in Kedah State, Malaysia.
Guo Hong Tan1, Huan Keat Chan2, Linda Mohd Jamal3, Muhammad Hazwan Hamidon3, Aun Chyi Oi4, Yae Tyug Yap4, Yu Hsuan Khoo5
Background The Malaysia National Antibiotic Guidelines (NAG) is used to guide antibiotic prescribing, especially among public healthcare facilities without an in-house infectious disease specialist, setting-based antibiotic guidelines and clinical microbiology services. Aims To explore the patte...
Late onset anti- N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis following Japanese encephalitis
Hnin Wint Wint Aung1, Kyaw Linn1, Aye Mya Min Aye1, Chaw Su Hlaing1, Aye Mu Saan1, Khine Mi Mi Ko1, Myo Thiri Swe1, Cho Thair1, Yi Yi Mar1, Nway Nway1, Phyu Phyu Myint1, Ei Hnin Kyu1, Haymar Han1
Japanese encephalitis (JE) is one of the leading causes of viral encephalitis worldwide and affects mostly children. The patients with JE often have uniphasic illness with acute onset; however, some patients may have an early relapse after relatively partial recovery. Recent studies have also shown ...
Hand Foot Mouth Disease – Experience of epidemic in children in Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Muhammad Ashraf Sultan1, Muhammad Faheem Afzal2
Hand Foot Mouth Disease (HFMD) is a viral infection first described by Robinson et al in 1957 as an outbreak in Toronto. The infectious disease was characterized by vesicles inside the mouth and on the hands and feet and was found to have been caused by Coxsackievirus (CVA) ...
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