OBJECTIVE: Burnout is a psychological conditions when someone are exposed to a stressful working environment. During pediatric residency, students are considered in a stressfull condition. The aim of this study was to assess burnout on pediatric residency program at Dr Moewardi Hospital Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta, Indonesia with Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI) which assessed exhaustion and disengagement as part of burnout.
METHODS: An Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI) questionnaire was distributed in March 2019 to all ongoing pediatric residents. Cronbach’s ?? was used to test a reliability. The OLBI comprised 16 questions in English which assessed exhaustion (8 questions) and disengagement (8 questions). The responses use a 4-point Likert scale (0–4; 0 strongly disagree, 1 disagree, 2 agree, and 3 strongly agree for positive statement; and 0 strongly agree, 1 agree, 2 disagree, and 3 strongly disagree for negative statement). Cut-off for exhaustion and disengagement were 2.25 and 2.1.
RESULTS: There were 48 participants (15 male, 33 female) with mean of age was 30.4±2.7 (range 26-41) years old. The Cronbach’s ? was 0.798. The mean of exhaustion and disengagement scores were 2.4±0.3 and 2.3±0.3. The proportion of high to low exhausted subjects was 27/21 (56%/44%). The proportion of disengage to engage subjects was 40/8 (83%/17%). Age, sex, marital status and residents’ grade did not revealed significantly association with exhaustion and disengagement (p<0.05). The highest score for exhaustion and disengagement were “There are days when I feel tired before I arrive at work”and “Over time, one can become disconnected from this type of work”.
CONCLUSION: A large proportion of pediatric residents felt exhausted and disengaged during their residency. The overtime and overload work might cause burnout.