Roro Rukmi Windi Perdani, Ahmad Farishal, Ahmad Ismatullah
Background: Febrile seizures are seizures or convulsions that occur in young children and are triggered by fever. Epidemiological data showed that it mostly occurs in children aged six months until 5 years, dominated by boys with or without infectious diseases caused by microorganisms. This study aims to determine the characteristics of patients with febrile seizures in the pediatric ward. Methods: Descriptive study design with a cross-sectional approach. This study used medical record data of 51 respondents using total sampling according to inclusion and exclusion criteria from January 2017 to January 2018 at Abdoel Moelok Hospital, Lampung Province. Data were processed using SPSS 24.0. Results: Based on the results of the study, it was found that 52.9% of febrile seizures occurred in children aged 1-3 years. 74.5% of the sample had a temperature at febrile seizures above 38°C. 70.6% seizure seizures are tonic-clonic. The frequency of febrile seizures in children occurred more than once was 62.7%. Febrile seizures based on male sex was 52.9%, and female was 47.1%. Based on multivariate analysis of recurrent febrile seizure risk factors, it was found that 49% had one risk factor, 12% had two risk factors, 4% had three risk factors, and 35% had no risk factors. Comorbidity of childhood febrile seizures was 29.4% with URTI. Increased leukocyte levels above 15.000 in febrile seizures was 50.9%. Duration of treatment for febrile seizures was 25.5% for four days. Conclusions: Most childhood febrile seizures had comorbidities and the most common febrile seizures were complex types of febrile seizures. High risk factors increase the incidence of recurrent febrile seizures.