Susan Natalia Budihardjo, I Wayan Bikin Suryawan, A. A Made Sucipta
Background: Diarrhea is still the second largest caused of children under five's mortality worldwide. Six million children die every year from diarrhea and most occur in developing countries. One risk factor of diarrhea is because children don’t get exclusive breastfeeding. In breast milk there are IgA2 and other antibodies that can help baby to defense against infections including diarrhea. Objective: To investigate the relationship between exclusive breastfeeding with duration of diarrhea on 1-5 years old children with diarrhea. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted from August 2018 to December 2018 using the consecutive sampling methods. The subjects were children aged 1-5 years old hospitalized for diarrhea at Wangaya General Hospital Denpasar who meets the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The characteristics of subject such as gender, children age, birth weight, immunization status, degree of dehydration, and mother’s employment. Result: Among 42 subjects, 25 subjects received exclusive breastfeeding and 17 subjects didn’t get exclusive breastfeeding. From 25 subjects who received exclusive breastfeeding, 23 subjects were obtained having a short duration of diarrhea (?7 days) and 2 subjects had a long duration of diarrhea (> 7 days). From 17 subjects who didn’t receive exclusive breastfeeding, 10 subjects had short duration of diarrhea and 7 subjects with long duration of diarrhea. By using chi square, p value of this study is 0.029. The prevalence ratio is obtained 5.14 with CI 95% 0.19 (0.046-0.825). Conclusion: There is a significant relation between exclusive breastfeeding with duration of diarrhea on 1-5 years old children with diarrhea at Wangaya General Hospital Denpasar.