Melani Rachmi Mantu
Sleep disorders sometimes affect to children's daily activities. This problem in children are rarely diagnosed early because parents lack understanding about a child's sleep needs. Difficulty in starting and maintaining sleep is one of the most common sleep problems among children. Impaired and inadequate sleep can produce behavioral, affective, and cognitive dysfunction. There can also be an increase in behavioral problems among children who experience sleep disorders. OBJECTIVE : The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between sleep disorder with mental emotional health in child outpatients clinic at Tarakan general hospital of Jakarta period January- May 2019. METHOD : the design was an observational cross sectional study. The subjects was taken by consecutive sampling using the Sleep Disturbances Scale for Children (SDSC) questionnaire for sleep disorder and Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) for mental emotional health disorder. The inclusion criteria were all 4 -16 years children who attended the outpatient clinic with their parents. While we exclude children and parents who were not willing to fill out the questionnaire. RESULT : from 104 children outpatients that met the inclusion criteria, there were 61 (59.6%) experienced sleep disorders during the previous 6 months and 34 children (32.7%) experienced mental emotional health disorders. Mental disorders was found in 20.6% respondents without sleep disorders and 79.4% respondents with sleep disorders. The analysis with chi square test revealed that p value = 0,004 and RR = 2,61 between the two groups. CONCLUSION : there is a correlation between sleep disorders and mental emotional health, where children with sleep disorders have a risk of 2.61 times higher for experiencing mental emotional health disorders. Further research is needed to find out the causes of sleep disorders and also mental emotional disorders in children.