OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to find factors affecting stunting (height/age < -2 SD; based on WHO growth chart) in North Kayong toddlers. There is no data of prevalence and factors affecting stunting among toddlers in North Kayong Health Profile before.
METHOD: This pilot study is a cross-sectional, analytical quantitative study, was held on August–December 2018 in RSUD Sultan Muhammad Jamaludin I. Our subjects were 24–59 months old children that came to our Pediatric Outpatient Clinic and Emergency Ward, fulfilled the inclusion criterias, and were chosen by total sampling method. We measured all subjects’ weight and height and plotted it into WHO growth charts; other data were collected by interview with their parents.
RESULT: From 90 subjects that were included in this study, 41 (45,6%) of them were stunted. Chi-square test revealed that there are significant association between preterm birth, low birth weight, incomplete immunization status, no exclusive breastfeeding, stopping breastfeeding before 2 years old, low family income, and low maternal educational status with stunting among 24-59 months old children in RSUD Sultan Muhammad Jamaludin I North Kayong (p < 0,05). Logistic regression test showed risk factor for stunting in this study were low birth weight (OR=58,340; 95% CI: 5.707-596.357) and low maternal educational status (OR=6,901; 95% CI: 1.726-27.592).
CONCLUSION: Prevalence of stunting among 24-59 months old children in RSUD Sultan Muhammad Jamaludin I North Kayong is 45,6%. Risk factors of stunting among this group are low birth weight and low maternal educational status. It is important for North Kayong’s Local Health Service to improve antenatal care for pregnant women and start to put special attention to maternal education level.